- Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death following smoking.
- Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that is defined as high body fat compared to lean body mass. It results from many factors; but mainly genetic and environmental factors.
- The excess body fat is distributed differently from a subject to another: some may develop peripheral (gynoid) obesity; others build up central (android) obesity or a combination of the two. The android obesity is more serious than the gynoid since it is frequently associated with health problems.
The neurobiological approach in psychiatry tries to find the link between neurotransmitters function and behaviors. Some regions of the brain (thalamic nuclei) have a clear role in appetite and eating behavior.
Psychiatric assessment and diagnosis are essential in seeing beyond the symptom. In fact obesity is a symptom in several disorders:
- ADHD, depression, chronic anxiety in the form of emotional eating
- Bipolar disorder and eating disorders in the form of binging and bulimia
- Psychosis in the form of lack of motivation
- Some drugs in the form of “munchies”.
In order to win the war on obesity, you need to deal with the whole iceberg and not only melt what’s above water level.
Some psychiatric medications have more proven and safe effects than diet pills that cause more harm than good.